Аbylkhan Kasteev (1904-1973)
The People’s Artist of the Republic of Kazakhstan,
The Laureate of the Ch. Valikhanov State
Premium of the Kazakh SSR
the first of kazakh artists, Abylkhan Kasteev, by his talent and creative
selflessness embodies the bright phenomenon in the history of fine art of Kazakhstan. His
name stands among such outstanding figures of national history and culture as
Ch. Valikhanov, S. Mukanov, Sh. Aimanov, A. Margulan, K. Satpayev and other
persons, whose lives and talents were given to devoted service to their nation.
Abylkhan Kasteev was born on January 1, 1904 in the village of Chizhin,
Dzharkent region of Taldy-Kurgan oblast into the family of a poor shepherd. He lost his father early and had to earn money
working for a land owner, bai. Then he worked as a laborer in the town of Dzharkent and as a digger
during the construction of the Тurksib railway. Once there he constantly drew
portraits and landscapes which surprised everyone with his talent and
mastership. In 1929, destiny brought him to Alma-Ata, where within two years he was
studying at the art studio of N. Khludov.
1930, Abylkhan Kasteev made his first trip to Moscow. In 1934, he participated in an
amateur painting contest in Alma-Ata
and in the Republican contest for the creation of the Abai portrait and
illustrations of his works. For the first time, he participated in the
exhibition of Kazakhstan
artists at the State Museum of Arts of the Peoples of the East in Moscow. From then on,
Abylkhan Kasteev is a regular participant of the all-union, republican and city
the 1934-1936 period Abylkhan Kasteev lived in Moscow and attended the N. Krupskaya art
studio of folk creative art. In 1937, he joined the Union of Artists of the USSR.
In the 1930s and 1940s, he worked over the “Old and New Life” series of
watercolors, which reflected the artist’s thoughts about the "leaving" past. In 1942,
the artist’s first personal exhibition was held in Alma-Ata dedicated to the 15th
anniversary of his creative art. The same year, A. Kasteev was awarded the
title of the Honored Artist of the Kazakh SSR. In 1944, he received the title
of the People’s Artist of the Kazakh SSR.
creative art of Kasteev is very diverse. He painted a number of portraits
depicting the great sons of the Kazakh nation: Chokan Valikhanov, Аbai
Kunanbayev, Zhambul Dzhabayev, Аmangeldy Imanov and others. Of importance and
full of meaning is his series of landscapes in watercolors and paintings
executed in different periods, which by right are named the artistic chronicle
of the Republic: "On the Land of Kazakhstan," "About the Virgin
Lands," "The Land and People of the Republic," "The
Constructions of the Five-Year Plan" and "The Riches of
Abylkhan Kasteev was awarded the Ch. Valikhanov State Premium of the Kazakh SSR
for a series of watercolors "On the Land of Kazakhstan." The works by
Аbylkhan Kasteev participated in many exhibitions of Kazakhstan art held abroad.
died on November 2, 1973,
school in Shimkent, the high school in the Panfilov region of the Taldy-Kurgan
oblast, the street in Аlmaty … were all named after Abylkhan Kasteev. In 1976, a memorial hall devoted to his creative
art was opened at the new State Museum of Arts of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
In 1984, the State Museum of Arts got the name of Abylkhan Kasteev. There are
works by him in many of the largest museums in Kazakhstan,
Russia, Ukraine and Kyrgyzstan, as well as in private
collections in countries near and far.
The art of Abylkhan Kasteev imbued
with great sincerity, original talent, warm-heartedness and a wise attitude to
life will always be an example to many generations of Kazakhstan artists.
decision of UNESCO, the A. Kasteev 100th anniversary was included
into the 2004 UNESCO International Calendar of Important Anniversaries.